RECORDS, 1964 – 1994

(bulk dates, 1980, 1985 – 1988, 1990 – 1991)

12 Boxes (3.24 linear meters)



ACQUISITION: ANC Archive Committee

ACCESS: The collection is open





COPYRIGHT: ANC Archive Committee

PROCESSED BY: Arrangement and description done under the auspices of a joint project between the University of Fort Hare and the University of Michigan. Primary processor, Kristine Palmquist, June 1999. History of the mission by Sadie Forman. Reprocessed by Khanyisa Bottoman, August 2003




When the Nationalist Government banned the African National Congress (ANC) on 8 April 1960, the ANC began operating underground in South Africa. Outside the country the ANC started to establish itself as the official voice of South Africa’s voteless masses. By the 1970s recognition of the ANC’s legitimacy was growing, not only amongst the multiplicity of non-governmental anti-apartheid organizations, but also among foreign governments.

The first missions were opened in London, Accra, Cairo, and Dar-es-Salaam. By 1980, the ANC had offices and representatives in 32 countries. The external missions worked to win support for the overthrow of apartheid by promoting the cause of the ANC and urging international economic pressure against the South African government. The missions also provided assistance to South African exiles. Following the banning of the organisation, Oliver Tambo, President General of the ANC left South Africa to head of the ANC’s external operations.

On 2 February 1990 the bans on the ANC and other political organisations were lifted. A process of negotiations between the unbanned organisations and the South African government ensued. In 1992 the ANC instructed its missions to collate and box their records for shipment to South Africa. These records were to form the basis of the official archives of the ANC, from which a true history of the ANC’s role in the struggle against apartheid could be written.

Scope and Content Note

The Namibia Mission of the African National Congress records are comprised of four series: Correspondence, Periodicals, Subject Files and Newsclippings.

The Correspondence Series I (0.2 linear meters) spans the years 1990 to 1994 and includes letters, memos and faxes between the Windhoek office in Namibia, other ANC departments, and other organisations and governments. Topics include repatriation of ANC cadres, the status of Walvis Bay as a colony of South Africa, official ANC statements, requests to Namibia for visas, residency status, security clearance, and identity cards, and diplomatic matters with foreign countries and embassies, including Botswana, Congo, Cuba, Denmark, India, and Iran.

The Periodicals Series II (0.1 linear meters) includes magazines, trade directories, and studies and surveys conducted by the Namibian Department of Health. All materials were published between 1991 and 1994.

The Subject Files Series III (0.8 linear meters) is arranged alphabetically and spans the years 1989 to 1994. Records include correspondence and documents relating to various ANC departments, statements and meetings concerning constitutional matters and the rebuilding of South Africa, business matters, such as requests for office equipment and housing, and papers on South African foreign policy, negotiations, and HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa

The Newsclippings Series VI (0.1 linear meters) documents events of the ANC and the Apartheid in South Africa. It also includes press releases of the Namibia Mission. The series dates range from 1990 – 1994.


Box 1

Correspondence – Series I

1. ANC Correspondence, 1990-1992

2. Chief Representative’s ( Abbey Chikane) Correspondence,

1990 – 1994

3. Embassies, n.d., 1990 -1994

4. Faxes Dispatched, 1991-1994



Box 2

5. Faxes Received, 1990-1994

6. Letters of the Department of International Affairs,1992-1994

7. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1990-1994



Box 3

Periodicals – Series II

Bell Atlantic International, Data Communications, n.d.
Namibia Business Journal: Official Newsletter, 1994, x2

Namibia Demographic and health survey, 1992
Namibia Ministry of Health, 1992 (3 volumes)
Namibia Trade Directories, 1991-1994 (2 volumes)
Namibia Yearbook, 1992-1993
Searchlight, the International Anti-Fascist Monthly, 1993
Sister: Namibia, 1993
Südafrica: Hoffnung Auf Bin Ende der Apartheid die Grünen
Top Secret Magazine, Hani, Chris, 1993
UNESCO: Child Care and Education in Sub-Saharan Africa, 1992




Box 4

Subject Files – Series III

1. Amandla Cultural Ensemble, 1990-1991

2. ANC Education Department, 1990-1992

3. ANC Legal and Constitutional Department, 1990-1991

4. ANC Matters 1992

5. ANC Policy/Discussion Documents, n.d., 1991

6. ANC Statements, 1991, 1992

7. ANC Women’s League, 1990-1991

8. ANC Youth League, 1991

9. AWEPPA, 1991



Box 5

10. Commonwealth, 1991

11. C.R.I.A.A.

12. Conferences 1990-1994

13. Constitution for Namibia (1)

14. Constitution for Namibia (2)



Box 6

15. Constitution for Namibia (3)

16. Constitution for Namibia (4)

17. Democracy Trust, 1994

18. Economy Statements/Constitutional Matters, 1990

19. Education and Culture, n.d.

20. Elections, Namibia, n.d., 1989, 1992



Box 7

21. Embassies, 1990-1992

22. Foreign Affairs, 1990-1992

23. Invitations, 1990-1994

24. Ministries, Namibia, 1991-1992

25. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1993-1994

26. Miscellaneous, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994



Box 8

27. Namibian Parliament, 1992-1994

28. Namibian Departments Matters, n.d.,1981, 1982, 1989 – 1991

29. Namibian Trade & Investment sector, n.d., 1991

30. National Planning and Development Aid: problems and

potentials, n.d.

31. Negotiating Council Committee, 1993



Box 9

32. OAU (Organisation for African Unity), 1982, 1990 – 1992

33. Papers, n.d., 1990, 1992 – 1994

34. Pretoria minutes, 1990

35. Repatriation, 1989, 1991

36. Reports, n.d., 1990, 1993



Box 10

37. Southern African Development Community (SADC), 1992
38. Speeches, 1990 -1993

39. Speeches, 1990 – 1993

Box 11

40. Studies on population and national accounts of Namibia, n.d.

41. Tambo, O. R., 1990, 1993

42. TOPS Bursary Scheme, n.d.

43. UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund), 1989-1991



Box 12

Newsclippings – Series IV

1. – 2. Newsclippings (2 folders), 1990 – 1994