UNIVERSITY OF FORT HARE

UNIVERSITY LIBRARY

ANC ARCHIVES

 

 

ANC ZIMBABWE MISSION

RECORDS, 1981 – 1993

(bulk dates, 1986 – 1991)

Boxes (0.5 linear meters)

 

 

 

ACQUISITION: ANC Archive Committee

ACCESS: The collection is open

PHOTOGRAPHS:

VISUAL MATERIAL: None

AUDIO MATERIAL: None

PRINTED MATERIAL: Intermingled

COPYRIGHT: ANC Archive Committee

PROCESSED BY: Arrangement and description done under the auspices of a joint project between the University of Fort Hare and the University of Michigan. Primary processor, Kristine Palmquist, June 1999. History of the mission by Sadie Forman. Reprocessed by Khanyisa Bottoman, May 2004

 

History

Introduction

When the Nationalist Government banned the African National Congress (ANC) on 8 April 1960, the ANC began operating underground in South Africa. Outside the country the ANC started to establish itself as the official voice of South Africa’s voteless masses. By the 1970s recognition of the ANC’s legitimacy was growing, not only amongst the multiplicity of non-governmental anti-apartheid organizations, but also among foreign governments.

The first missions were opened in London, Accra, Cairo, and Dar-es-Salaam. By 1980, the ANC had offices and representatives in 32 countries. The external missions worked to win support for the overthrow of apartheid by promoting the cause of the ANC and urging international economic pressure against the South African government. The missions also provided assistance to South African exiles. Following the banning of the organisation, Oliver Tambo, President General of the ANC left South Africa to head of the ANC’s external operations.

On 2 February 1990 the bans on the ANC and other political organisations were lifted. A process of negotiations between the unbanned organisations and the South African government ensued. In 1992 the ANC instructed its missions to collate and box their records for shipment to South Africa. These records were to form the basis of the official archives of the ANC, from which a true history of the ANC’s role in the struggle against apartheid could be written.

Scope and Content Note

The Zimbabwe Mission papers of the African National Congress are stored in 12 boxes containing 144 folders.

The papers are divided into 4 series:  Correspondence Subject Files Publications  and Photographs

Themes highlighted throughout the series include Chris Hani, his role in the ANC and his martyrdom, the South African Communist Party (SACP), both the organization and individual members, and finally the symbiotic relationship between the government of Zimbabwe and the ANC, with regards to exiles, conferences and tours.

The Correspondence Series I (0.07 linear meters) is arranged alphabetically by subject or department/individual. It covers the period between 1987-1994. The materials include telexes, faxes, cards and letters, amongst others. Of particular note is a string of correspondence between the ANC and the government of Zimbabwe.

The Subject Files Series II (0.30 linear meters) contains various material on individuals, events, and organisations, which were collected by the ANC Zimbabwe mission between 1981 and 1993. Included in this series are several speeches and interviews given by Chris Hani, as well as documents pertaining to the SACP. This series also contains papers, reports, and other documents pertaining to the events held in Harare, such as the Harare Communique and the Harare Church Summit.

The Publications Series III (0.03 linear meters) demonstrates the many focuses of the mission in Zimbabwe, with journals, bulletins, reports, pamphlets, and newsclippings pertaining to a variety of issues, from Anti-Apartheid to human rights and from democratic movements to communism. It is arranged alphabetically by title. The bulk of the series spans the period from 1984 to 1993, although there is one pamphlet, ANC Struggle – Historical Background, published in 1963.

The Photographs Series IV (0.07 linear meters) illustrates various aspects of the ANC and the Anti-Apartheid struggle. A large portion of the photographs document various rallies organised by missions other than Zimbabwe. Of particular note are materials regarding several rallies held in London and other cities within the United Kingdom, such as a Free Mandela Campaign in London and an Anti-Apartheid rally in Leicestershire. Another strength of the series is its portraits of various leaders of the ANC, including Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, and Elias Motswaledi, amongst others.

 

 

Box 1

Series I – Correspondence

1. Accommodation For Exiles, 1981-1987

2. ANC-NEC-DeKlerk, 1991

3. Boipatong Massacre

4. Book of Condolences, 1992

5. Cards, 1988-1991

6. Conference on Regional Business, 1993

7. Department of Information and Publicity, 1988-1989

8. Elections, 1994

9. Embassies, 1988-1993

10. Faxes Dispatched, 1987, 1992

11. General, 1982-1991

12. Ghana High Commission, 1986-1987

 

 

Box 2

13. PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organization), 1988

14. President Mugabe to ANC, President Mandela, 1992-1993

15. Telexes, Incoming, ca 1988

16. Telexes, Outgoing, 1988-1989

17. Women’s Section, 1984-1986

18. ZANU-ANC (Zimbabwe African National Union), 1992

 

 

Box 3

Series II – Subject Files

1. Abuja, Declaration on South Africa, 1991

2. Anniversaries, 1987-1990

3. Anti-Apartheid, 1986

4. Boesak, Alan-Interview, 1984

5. Campaigns, 1985-1991

6. Current and Future Roles of Different Military Forces in South Africa, n.d.

7. Department of Arts and Culture, 1985-1993

8. Department of Economic Planning, 1990-1992

9. Discussion Documents, 1990-1991

10. Dolny, Helena-Papers, 1991

11. Education, Role of, n.d.

 

 

Box 4

12. Elections, Fundraising, 1993

13. Elections, Guidelines, 1994

14. Elections, Paraphernalia, 1994

15. End Conscription Campaign, 1987

16. Foreign Policy, 1991

17. Hani, Chris-Speeches, 1986-1992

18. Harare Communiqué, 1990-1991

19. Health Policy, 1991

20. Khamjile, William, Biography, [1935-1981]

21. Land Commission Workshop, 1990

22. Land Manifesto, n.d.

23. Land Reform, 1991

24. Mabluda, Moses-Biography, n.d.

25. Mahlangu, Solomon-Memorial Awards, 1985

26. Makatini, Johnny-Obituary, 1988

27. Mamabolo, K.J., 1990

 

 

Box 5

28. Mandela, N.R. — Freedom of K.A. Kabwe, 1989

29. Mandela, N.R. – Freedom at 70, Personal Profiles, 1988

30. Mandela, N.R. – Interview, 1992

31. Mbeki, Thabo – Interview, 1988-1989

32. Metropolitan and Local Government Issues, 1988

33. Minty, Abdul-Papers, n.d.

34. MK Conference, 1993

35. Mlonyeni, Max – Speeches, 1988-1992

36. Mompati, Ruth-Biography, 1989

37. Memorandum of the ANC behind enemy lines on Robben Island, n.d

38. National Congress: Papers, 1991

39. NEC (National Executive Council) Statements, 1981-1984,

1987-1992

 

 

Box 6

40. Negotiations-Conference for a Democratic Future, 1990

41. PAC (Pan-Africanist Congress), 1982

42 – 45. Papers, 1985-1993

 

 

Box 7

46. Papers, 1985 – 1993

47. Papers-Health, 1986

48. Papers-Seminar of Peace and Security in Southern African

Region, 1992-1993

49. Papers-Violence in South Africa, 1990

50. Policy Documents, 1989-1993

51. Political School-Reports, 1989

 

 

Box 8

52. Press Statements, 1985-1993

53. Prisoner of War Status, n.d.

54. Program of Action Adopted at the Arusha Conference, 1987

55. Reports, 1986, 1990

56. Report of the Office of the Treasurer General-Durban, 1991

57. SACP (South African Communist Party), 1989-1991

58. SACP (South African Communist Party)-Launch, 1990

59. Sachs, Albie-Bill of Rights for a Democratic South Africa, 1986

60. Sanctions, 1990

61. Schoon, Jeanette, Biography, n.d.

 

 

Box 9

62. Sisulu, Walter-Speeches, 1990

63. South African Council of Churches, 1986

64. South Africa-Mozambique Relationship-Non-Aggression

Agreement, 1984

65. Soweto Rent Boycott, 1989

66. Speaking Engagements, Youth Correspondents, 1988

67. Speeches, 1985-1993

68. “Struggle is Our Life, the”, Draft Script, n.d.

69. Summit Meeting at Front Line States, Arusha, Tanzania, 1984

70. SWAPO, Appeal for Oil Embargo Against South Africa, 1985

71. Trade Unions-Papers, n.d.

72. Transitional Executive Committee Bill, 1993

 

 

Box 10

73. Women’s League, ANC, 1984-1991

74. Women’s Rights, 1990s

75. Youth League, ANC, ca. 1990

76. Youth (ANC) – Reports, 1989

 

 

Box 11

Series III – Publications

1. Apartheid Medicinal Health & Human Rights in South Africa,

1989

2. Center for Development Studies, 1990

3. Center for Intergroup Studies, 1984

4. The Consequences of Organized Violence in South Africa,

1991

5. Development and Democracy, 1992

6. Isolate Apartheid, 1982

7. National Land Committee, n.d

8. Neocolonialism in Action, 1980

 

 

Box 12

9 – 10. News clippings, 1981-1991

11. Pax Pretoriana: The Fall of Apartheid and the Politics of

Regional Destablisation, 1989

12. South Africa State of Fear, Amnesty International, 1990,1992

13. Southern African Perspectives, 1992

14. Report of the Third Nordic/SADCC Youth Conference,

August, 1990

 

 

Box 13

Series IV – Photographs

1. 10th Anniversary – SOMAFCO, 1989

2. ANC Leaders released

3. Anti – Apartheid rally – Lester shire

4. Anti – Apartheid rallies – London

5. Anti – Apartheid rally – New Zealand

6. Demonstrations

7. Free Mandela Campaigns – London

Individual photographs

8. Ahmed Kathrada

9. Andrew Mlangeni

10. David Bruce

11. Elias Motsoaledi

12. Kitson, David’s release

 

 

Box 14

13. Mandela in Zimbabwe

14. Oscar Mpetha

15. Raymond Mhlaba

16. Walter Sisulu

17. Wilton Mkwayi

18. MK (Mkhonto we Sizwe)

19. Negatives

20. Soweto Day rallies – London

21. SWAPO

22. Various Activities

 

 

Zimbabwe Mission

Additions

 

 

Box 1

Series I – Correspondence

1. 100 days of non-stop picketing for the release of David Kitson, Includes notes by attendants about their view on apartheid, 1982

2. Administrative Secretary, 1984, 1990

3. Assistance, 1985

4. Chief immigration officer, 1984 – 1987

5. Chief immigration officer, 1988 – 1991

 

 

Box 2

6. Communications, 1990 – 1992

7. Department of Arts and Culture, 1987 – 1991, 1993

8. Department of Customs and Exiles, 1984 – 1985, 1989 – 1991

9. Department of Economics and Planning, 1990

10. Department of Home Affairs, 1993

11.Department of Information and Publicity, Patrick Mafuna, 1988 – 1991

12. Department of International Affairs, 1990

13. Donations, 1985 – 1989

 

 

Box 3

14. Education Department, requests for scholarships, 1984 – 1987

15. Education Department, requests for scholarships, 1988 – 1989

16. Education Matters, 1982, 1984 – 1985, 1987

17. Education Matters, 1988 – 1992

 

 

Box 4

18. Embassies, 1987 – 1989

19. Embassies, 1990 – 1991, 1993

20. Finance Committee, 1989 – 1991 including Minutes

21. Financial matters, 1987 – 1988

22. General matters, n.d., 1981, 1983 – 1984, 1989 – 1991

23. Gqabi, J. 1980 – 1981

24. Immigration, 1992

 

 

Box 5

25. Khuzwayo, J.D., 1983 – 1984

26. Khuzwayo, J.D., 1985

27. Legal matters, 1983, 1984, 1989

28. Legal matters, 1991 – 1993

29. Lutheran World Federation, 1985 – 1988

 

 

Box 6

30. Mabizela, Stanley, 1988

31. Mabizela, Stanley, 1989

32. Maseru massacre of 9th December 1982, 1982

33. Mazimba, Reddy, 1985 – 1986

34. Mazimba, Reddy, 1987

35. Mazimba, Reddy, 1988

 

 

Box 7

36. Mlonyeni, Maxwell, 1989 – 1990

37. Mlonyeni, Maxwell, 1990

38. Mlonyeni, Maxwell, 1991 – 1992

 

 

Box 8

39. National Arts Council of Zimbabwe, 1991

40. National Women’s Secretariat, 1981, 1984 – 1990

41. National Youth Secretariat, 1981, 1984, 1987

42. Notebooks, n.d.

43. Officer in charge, President’s office, 1981, 1983 – 1984, 1987 – 1991

44. Outstanding import duties, 1992

45. Pola, Pila, 1983 – 1984

46. Regional Political Committee, 1985 – 1986, 1989 – 1990

47. Regional Treasurer, Sipho Nhlapo, 1986, 1988

48. Repatriation and sanctuary action, 1990

49. Repatriation, 1991

 

 

Box 9

50. Requests, 1983 – 1987

51. Residential permits, 1985

52. SACTU, 1989

53. Secretary for health, Manto Tshabalala, 1984, 1991

54. Secretary General’s office, 1983 – 1988

55. Secretary General’s office, 1989 – 1993

56. South African Trade Mission, 1990

 

 

Box 10

57. Telexes, 1985, 1988 – 1991

58. Transport, n.d., 1984 –1985

59. Treasurer General’s office, 1980 – 1982, 1985 – 1991

60. Visitors to the Mission Office, 1992 – 1993

61. Xuma, Kingsley, 1985, 1987 – 1988

62. Youth seminar, 1988

63. Zimbabwe ministry of foreign affairs, 1988, 1990

 

 

Box 11

Series II – Discussion papers /Minutes of Meetings / Statements and Newspaperclippings

1. The Lutheran Development Service of Zimbabwe: The Sentence by Cde O.M ‘’ Tekere’’ Ncube of Dan Construction Unit. ‘’LWF’’

2. Meeting of the National Committee of the World University Service, University of Zimbabwe, 1991 October 24.

3. Minutes of the Meeting of the National Working Committee on Violence held at Cheadle Thompson and Haysom on 31 October 1990.

4. Notes of a Meeting held between the ANC and UNDP 7 and 8 February 1991.

5. National Working Committee, 1989

6. Office Minutes, 1984 –1987, 1992

7. Women’s Section, 1990

8. Bereavement, message of condolences on the occasion of the memorial service of Templeton Ntantala

9. Joint statements, 1989 – 1991

10. Olivia Forsyth, The story of a mission that failed, ANC statement, 1989 February 14.

11. Statement by Mr Andimba Toivo ya Toivo: Secretary General of SWAPO at the 10th SADCC summit 25th August 1989

12. Statement on the assassination of Bheki Mlangeni, 1991

13. Statements of the Chief Rep, 1985

14. Statement by Zimbabwe Minister of Home Affairs, Richard Hovey, 9th May 1981

15. Statement presented by Bishop Sebastian Kolowa on behalf of the Lutheran world Federation delegation at the ANC Arusha Conference, 1 – 4 December 1987

16. Speech of the H.E. Mr Yasser Arafat: president of the State of Palestine, at the session on the question of the Palestine held by the United Nations Security Council, Geneva, 25 May 1990

17. Newspaperclippings, n.d., 1990

 

 

Box 12

Series III – Reports

1. Amandla Cultural Ensemble

2. ANC Community in Zimbabwe, 1985 – 1987

3. ANC Development Centre, Dakawa Tanzania plan proposal, 1984 (1)

4. ANC Development Centre, Dakawa Tanzania plan proposal, 1984 (2)

5. ANC Development Centre, Dakawa Tanzania plan proposal, 1984 (3)

6. ANC Interim Constitutional Framework, n.d.

7. Biographical notes on the Interim leadership group of SACP

8. Department of Arts and Culture, 1988 –1990, 1993

 

 

Box 13

9. Department of Education, 1988 – 1989

10. Department of Political Education workshop, Mulungushi Conference Centre, Lusaka, 3rd September 1989

11. Heritage Insurance: Company of Zimbabwe

12. Meeting of the Frontline States and the OAU Ad- hoc Committee, 1991

13. Novib / SWAPO Controversy: briefing paper for delegate to Harare Consultation, 3 – 5 December 1989

14. Office reports, 1981, 1983 –1984,1986

15. Parliamentary Debates, 8 March 1984

16. Pubic Relations and Social Welfare, 1981, 1983 – 1984

17. Project proposal, 1991

18. Regional Political Committee, 1986, 1988 – 1989

19. Report on professional bodies, April 1981

20. Research project for South African Women, n.d., 1987

 

 

Box 14

21. Revised 1984 Development plan for Dakawa, volume I – III, 1990

22. Swazi Police on Rampage

23. Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) financial reports, 1986

24. Trials, 1989

25. Women’s Section (proposal), n.d.

26. Women’s Section includes Malibongwe reports, n.d.

27. Women’s Section workshop sessions, 1991 –1992

 

New Additions

 Box 1

Correspondence

2. Chief Rep’s correspondence with the embassy of Angola, 1990 – 1993

3. Correspondence of the Chief Representative n.d., 1988

4. Correspondence of the Chief Representative 1989 – 1990

5. Correspondence of the Chief Representative 1991

6. Correspondence of the Chief Representative 1992

7. Correspondence of the Chief Representative, 1993 – 1994

8. Correspondence of the Department of Arts and Culture 1988-1993

9. Correspondence of the Department of Education 1990-1991

10. Correspondence of the Department of Health 1989-1993

11. Correspondence of the Department of International Affairs 1988-1991

12. Correspondence of the Department of Legal and Constitutional Affairs

 

 

Box 2

13. Correspondence of the Department of Manpower and Human Development 1988-1993

14. Correspondence of the Department of Political Education 1989

15. Correspondence of the Department of Religious Affairs and Inter-faith Chaplain 1987-1988

16. Correspondence of the Foreign Affairs Department 1988-1994

17. Correspondence of the Immigration Office 1991-1994

18. Correspondence of the Logistic Committee, 1986 – 1987

19. Correspondence of the President of the ANC 1988-1990

20. Correspondence of the Regional Treasurer 1987 – 1989

21. Correspondence of the Regional Treasurer 1991 – 1992

22. Correspondence of the Social Welfare Department 1988

 

 

Box 3

23. Correspondence of the Thebe Investment Company 1983

24. Correspondence re ANC pioneer organisation

25. Correspondence re Department of Education, 1990

26. Correspondence re different embassies (I), n.d., 1987 – 1990

27. Correspondence re different embassies (II), 1991

28. Correspondence re different embassies (III), 1992

29. Correspondence re different embassies (IV), 1993

30. Correspondence re different embassies (V), 1994

 

 

Box 4

31. Correspondence re Imbisa refugee service, 1991 – 1992

32. Correspondence re Joint Communique between the ANC and PAC, 1989 – 1991

33. Correspondence re Regional Women League, 1990

34. Correspondence re statement from states & organisation on the raid of ANC offices in Harare, 1986

35. Correspondence re UNHCR repatriations, 1989 – 1993

36. Correspondence regarding military training of MK staff 1989-1994

37. Correspondence to the ANC President, 1985

38. Correspondence to the Chief Representative, 1989

39. Correspondence with ANC donors 1989-1992

40. Correspondence with Embassies and High Commissions of other countries 1991

 

 

Box 5

41. Correspondence with SIDA 1987-1992

42. Correspondence with the Ghana High Commission 1988-1991

43. Correspondence with the High Commission of Pakistan 1991-1992

44. Correspondence with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Harare 1991-1993

45. DIA, travelling arrangements of senior ANC officials, 1990 – 1992

46. General correspondence of the ANC office in Harare 1991

47. Invitations to the ANC 75th Anniversary celebrations, 1986

48. Regional Office, correspondence addressed to Sipho Nhlapho 1983-1989

 

 

Box 6

Diaries

1. Diary (I), 1990

2. Diary (II) of Nombulelo Mlonyeni, 1991

3. Dairy (III), 1992

Box 7

Discussion Documents

1. ANC Documents, 1992

2. ANC Land Commission workshop “A Discussion Documents”, 1990

3. Conference on “Towards Peace and Stability in Southern Africa”

4. Conferences and seminars

5. Discussion document on “A Theological Comment on the Political Crisis in South Africa”

6. Discussion documents dealing with Women and Children’s issues, 1988 – 1989

7. Discussion documents of the International Conference on Children, Repression and the Law in Apartheid S.A, 1987

8. Discussion paper on the Economic implications of Sanctions against S.A, 1987

 

 

Box 8

9. Discussion papers by Joe Slovo and others

10. Discussion papers of the International Seminar on Southern African responses to Imperialism, 1987

11. Draft discussion document on sanctions, 1990

12. Draft Political Declaration A, the 8th Conference on the Heads of States/Governments of non-aligned countries, 1986

13. Electoral Systems: A critical survey, occasional paper by Kadar Asmal

14. Paper on Urban Mass Movements and the future of South Africa by Moeletsi Mbeki

15. Presentation on Housing, Land and Services, 1993

16. Southern Africa Research and Development Centre

17. Testimony of multinational panel regarding lawful control of demonstrations in RSA, 1992

 

 

Box 9

Financial Matters

1. Budget Allocation n.d.

2. Financial Records (Training Account) June 1990-December 1991

3. Financial Records December 1990-August 1991

4. Financial Records February 1978-1990

5. Financial Records February 1987-December 1989

 

 

Box 10

6. Financial Records January 1988-May 1990

7. Financial Records July 1990-December 1990

8. Financial Records June 1989-September 1989

9. Financial Records of Imbisa Fund June 1989-September 1989

10. Financial Records n.d.

 

 

Box 11

11. Financial Statements of the Imbisa Refugee services

12. Norwegian People’s Aid Correspondence 1987-1990

13. Statements of Accounts

14. Statements of income and expenditure, 1986

 

 

 

Box 12

Minutes of Meetings

1. ANC Unit Meetings 1983

2. Circulars, 1988

3. Communiques of meetings, 1986

4. Hand-written notes of the ANC Interdepartmental workshop, 1992

5. Logistic Committee minutes, 1986

6. Meeting between DLCA & Zimbabwe Association of Democratic Jurists

7. Meeting of the Harare region convened in preparation of the National Consultative Conference,

9. Minutes of meetings, 1992

10. Minutes of meetings, general 1988-1991

11. Minutes of the Commissariat, 1986

12. Minutes of the Unit Meeting, 1987

13. Resolutions & recommendations related to security forces

14. Newspapers clippings 1991

 

 

Box 13

Press Statements and Speeches

1. Addresses to the Conference of Umkhonto we Sizwe, 1991

2. Articles by the Novisti Press Agency

3. Press statement by other countries on the South Africa

4. Press statements by the National Executive Committee of the ANC 1988-1991

5. Press Statements, 1991 – 1992

6. Speeches 1990

7. Speeches and Statements on the deaths of O.R. Tambo and Chris Hani

8. Speeches, 1986

9. Statement by ANC officials, 1993

10. Statements of the NEC, 1986

 

 

Box 14

Reports

1. ANC campaigns section report, 1992

2. ANC Regional report – Natal, 1990

3. ANC structures, 1983

4. ANC Youth League reports, 1987

5. Cold Comfort Trust Fund (i)

6. Cold Comfort Trust Fund (ii)

7. Commissions’ Report on Logistics and Treasury, 1987

8. Deeds of property transfers, 1985 – 1986

9. Department of Education Committee

10. Department of Information and Publicity

12. General progress report, 1986

13. Indemnity list, 1991

14. International Business Link Business Profile

 

 

Box 15

15. Reports – ANC Office, 1986

16. Logistic Committee reports, 1986

19. National Conference – Briefing on preparations for 16.12.1990

20. Negotiations a strategic perspective, 1992

21. Project proposal – Aid for ANC women and children in Harare, 1988

22. Regional Political Committee report – Zimbabwe

23. Repatriation of South African political exiles

24. Report of the department of Manpower Development in Zimbabwe, 1991

25. Report of the OAU fact-finding mission of experts to S.A, 1992

26. Report of the OAU monitoring committee on Southern Africa 19 March 1990-1 February 1990.

28. Report on reconciliation in South Africa: A possible role for the International Community

29. Report on the consequences of organised violence in Southern Africa, 1990

31. Reports of the Regional Treasurer

33. South African documentation service, 1992

34. Structures of International Affairs & Dept. of Foreign Affairs