UNIVERSITY OF FORT HARE

UNIVERSITY LIBRARY

ANC ARCHIVES

 

 

Netherlands mission

RECORDS

(1988 – 1994)

46 boxes

 

 

 

ACQUISITION: ANC Archive Committee

ACCESS The collection is open

PHOTOGRAPHS: None

VISUAL MATERIAL: Poster

AUDIO MATERIAL:

PRINTED MATERIAL:

COPYRIGHT: ANC Archives Committee

PROCESSED BY: Sadie Forman, October 1998. Additional material processed by Xolani Malawana and Mduduzi Mpanza, June 2003. Partially rearranged and described by Sibongile Simelane and Khanyisa Bottoman , July 2003.

 

 

Introduction

When the Nationalist Government banned the African National Congress (ANC) on 8 April 1960, the ANC began operating underground in South Africa. Outside the country the ANC started to establish itself as the official voice of South Africa’s voteless masses. By the 1970s recognition of the ANC’s legitimacy was growing, not only amongst the multiplicity of non-governmental anti-apartheid organizations, but also among foreign governments.

 

The first missions were opened in London, Accra, Cairo, and Dar-es-Salaam. By 1980, the ANC had offices and representatives in 32 countries. The external missions worked to win support for the overthrow of apartheid by promoting the cause of the ANC and urging international economic pressure against the South African government. The missions also provided assistance to South African exiles. Following the banning of the organisation, Oliver Tambo, President General of the ANC left South Africa to head of the ANC’s external operations.

 

On 2 February 1990 the bans on the ANC and other political organisations were lifted. A process of negotiations between the unbanned organisations and the South African government ensued. In 1992 the ANC instructed its missions to collate and box their records for shipment to South Africa. These records were to form the basis of the official archives of the ANC, from which a true history of the ANC’s role in the struggle against apartheid could be written.

 

History of the Netherlands Mission.

The Netherlands was an important centre to the ANC in the anti-apartheid struggle. There are historic ties with Holland, the country of the Dutch East India Company which bore Jan van Riebeeck to its shores in 1652 and turned South Africa into a haven for white settlers and later European imperialist expansion. A considerable number of Dutch people feel a debt is owed South Africa and were enthusiastic participants in anti-apartheid groups, aside from those who inherently opposed racism.

 

The headquarters of the Shell Corporation are based in Rotterdam and provided a focus for protest in the form of pickets and blockades. However the ANC mission was not immediately set up in Amsterdam, but until 1988 operated from Brussels where Godfrey Motsepe was the Chief Representative and Rose Motsepe was the women’s co-ordinator organising and working towards a planned women’s conference. They took up their posts in 1981, responsible for the Benelux countries of Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg. They forged strong links with Dutch organisations, South Africans and friends living in Holland.

 

A number of solidarity organisations were formed, with different political positions. The AABN (Anti-Apartheid Beweging Nederland) were more radical than the larger Labour-aligned Holland Committee on South Africa(KZA) while Kairos, a Christian organisation were mainly engaged in educational links and AWEPAA (Association of Western European Parliamentarians for Action against Apartheid engaged in many projects for South African students and workers. All worked closely with the ANC members in Holland and with the mission based in Brussels.

 

Women’s organisations were mobilised by full-time worker Bunie Sexwale. Together with Rose Motsepe stationed in Brussels they organised a highly successful 30th Anniversary Women’s Day on August 9, 1986, commemorating the 1956 March to Pretoria of 20,000 women against the pass laws. A pioneering conference which brought to Amsterdam for the first time in the apartheid years, 100 women direct from South Africa in January 1990 was paid for by Dutch Anti-Apartheid (AABN). Women’s organisations and the general anti-apartheid movement helped to make the Malibongwe Conference a great success attended by women internationally.

 

In September 1988, Kumar Sanjay was Head of the ANC Information Bureau in Amsterdam and was appointed Chief Representative of the new Mission in November. He proved to be an energetic worker, who initiated meetings with groups hitherto unsympathetic to the AAM. The atmosphere of change in the air, had Shell approaching the Mission for talks. Sanjay held the position until May 1991, when Zolile Magugu took over. The nature of conferences then changed to post-apartheid concerns such as pollution and regeneration of education. The Dutch had been keenly supportive, both with teachers and material needs of the Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College in Tanzania opened after the Soweto students’ uprising. In the 90′s that interest and support continued.

 

Scope and Content Note

 

The Netherlands Mission papers of the ANC are stored in 43 boxes.

 

The papers are divided into 6 series: Subject, Correspondence, SA Embassy Newsletter, News Clippings, Publications, and Posters and Memorabilia.

 

Additional material has been added. This is of material that came with the material but for one reason or another was not processed with the material. It was later processed and added to this record group. It has been divided into 4 series: Correspondence, Discussion papers, reports and statements.

 

The Subject Series I is consists of 25 boxes

 

Folders 1 – 19 contains ANC reports from commissions, conferences, missions and the CODESA negotiations. Folders 20 – 30 holds reports on projects, anti-apartheid movements, COSAWR and Bantustans, Folders 31 – 44 contains conferences, COSATU, Dutch delegations the economy, and education. Folders 45 – 55 has elections, SA incursions into Angola and Mozambique, faxes in and out, the Harare Conference and health material. Folders 56 – 71 holds information on Helen Joseph, Kairos, KZA, Land, Mandela’s visit to Holland, the UDF and others. Folders 72 – 85 holds inter alia reports on Nelson Mandela, NGO’s the post-apartheid constitution and RECSA. Folder 86 – 95 is on sanctions and the SA-Netherlands Cultural Centre. Folders 97 – 106 contains an interview with an ANC Rep, Tambo speeches, violence within the organisation, Sisulu Winnie Mandela, Women and Zambia. Folders 107 127 a mix of folders some of which are the same as earlier ones and these are indicated on the finding aids, e.g. CODESA, ANC policy and Women’s Section, Dutch Government and correspondence.

 

The Correspondence Series II is in Boxes 23 and 24. It contains Incoming mail in folders 1 to 3 and Outgoing in folders 4 to 7. Correspondence dates from 1985 to 1993 and is mainly from Dutch anti-apartheid organisations and ANC Lusaka.

 

The SA Embassy Newsletter Series III is in Box 24 to 27 holds folders 1 to 13, dating from 1992-1994. The newsletter informed missions of the progress of the CODESA negotiations, inter alia.

 

The News Clippings Series IV is in Box 28 to 29 holding folders 1 to7 and also contain some articles. They date from 1992-1994.

 

The Publications Series V are contained in Boxes 30 to 38. Removed some publications, especially ANC material and it’s allies to be added to the special section

 

The ANC Newsbriefings removed

 

The Posters and Memorabilia Series VI are contained in Box 39 and consist inter alia of Dutch and anti-apartheid posters, flags, postcards and a diary of Kumar Sanjay.

 

The additional material is in boxes 40 to 43, and consists of correspondence, discussion documents, reports and statements.

 

 

Box 1

Series I – Subject Files

 

1. Abuja Declaration, 1991

2. ANC Camps (Motsuenyane Commission Report), n.d., 1990 – 1993

3. ANC Conferences/Workshops (1), 1981-1991

4. ANC Conferences/Workshops (2), 1981-1991

5. ANC Dept. of International Affairs, n.d., 1989, 1991 – 1992

6. ANC Donors Conference, Arusha, 1990 – 1991

 

 

Box 2

 

7. ANC Missions, 1992

8. ANC-NEC Matters, 1988

9. ANC Negotiations/CODESA (1), n.d., 1991

10. ANC Negotiations/CODESA (2), 1992

11. ANC Negotiations/CODESA (3), 1992-1993

12. ANC Policy Documents (1), 1991

 

 

Box 3

13. ANC Policy Documents (2), 1992 – 1994

14. ANC Press Releases/Statements (1), n.d., 1987-1989

15. ANC Press Releases/Statements (2), 1990

16. ANC Press Releases/Statements (3), 1991

 

 

Box 4

17. ANC Press Releases/Statements (4), 1992 – 1994

18. ANC Press Releases/Statements (5), 1992 – 1994

19.ANC Projects, 1986

20. Angola, n.d., 1992

21. Anti-Apartheid Movement, Netherlands, 1988-1993

 

 

Box 5

22. Anti-Apartheid Movements – European Community, n.d., 1987-1992

23. Arts and Culture, n.d., 1989-1993

24. AWEPAA (1), n.d., 1987-1989

25. AWEPAA (2), 1990-1994

 

 

Box 6

26. Bantustans/Townships, 1989-1992

27. Benelux, n.d., 1993

28. Cards, n.d., 1992

29. Chris Hani Assassination, 1993

30. Committee on South African War Resistance, 1989

31. Conferences (1), n.d., 1983, 1986

 

 

Box 7

32. Conferences (2), 1988 – 1989, 1991 – 1992

33. Conferences (3), 1992

34. Conferences (4), 1993

 

 

Box 8

35. Consultation on South African Debt Rescheduling, 1989

36. COSATU and Unions, n.d., 1993

37. Diplomatic Courses, n.d., 1992 – 1994

38. Discussion Papers, n.d., 1986, 1989, 1993

39. Dutch Delegations, n.d., 1993

 

 

Box 9

40. Dutch Government, n.d., 1990 – 1994

41. Economy (1), n.d., 1989 – 1990

42. Economy (2), 1991-1993

 

 

Box 10

43. Education (1), n.d., 1986

44. Education (2), 1989-1992

45. Elections (1), 1994

 

 

Box 11

46. Elections (2), 1994

47. Elections (3), 1994

48. Embassies/Missions, 1991-1994

49. European Campaign Against South African Aggression on Mozambique and Angola, n.d.

50. Faxes – Incoming, 1990-1993

 

 

Box 12

51. Faxes – Outgoing, 1990-1993

52. Forum Nelson Mandela – Report, 1994

53. Govan Mbeki and Winnie Mandela Fund, 1988-1990

54. Harare Conference, 1989

55. Health, 1989

56. Joseph, Helen, 1993

57. Kairos, 1989-1993

58. Komittee Zuidelijk Afrika (KZA), n.d., 1989-1993

 

 

Box 13

59. Land Issue, n.d., 1991-1994

60. Local Anti-Apartheid Groups, n.d., 1986-1993

61. Local City Councils, 1984, 1988-1990

62. Mandela Document, 1989

63. Mandela Visit to Netherlands (1), 1994

 

 

Box 14

64. Mandela Visit to Netherlands (2), 1994

65. Mangaung, n.d.

66. Mass Democratic Movement and UDF, n.d., 1987-1990

67. Military and Nuclear Affairs (1), n.d., 1984, 1986 – 1990

68. Military and Nuclear Affairs – SA Anti-Terrorist Manual (2), 1986

 

 

Box 15

69. Miscellaneous Forms, n.d.

70. Multinationals, 1990-1992

71. Namda, 1987-1990

72. National Party of South Africa, Bulletin, 1993

73. Nelson Mandela Newspaper Clippings, 1988 – 1989

74. Nelson Mandela Newspaper Clippings, 1990

 

 

Box 16

75. Nelson Mandela Reception Committee, Release, 1989-1990

76. NGO’s, 1989-1993

77. Nkobi, T, 1990 Address at the International Donors’ Conference 1991

78. Partij van die Arbeid (PVDA) – Harare Conference on Southern Africa, 1989

79. Philippines, n.d., 1991, 1993

80. Points from the Press, 1991-1992

 

 

Box 17

81. Platform Zuidelyk Afrika, 1988-1993

82. Post-Apartheid Debates and Discussions, n.d., 1988-1989

83. Post-Apartheid Debates and Discussions, 1990 – 1991

84. Reference Centre on Education and Religion in South Africa (RECSA), 1986, 1988 – 1990

 

 

Box 18

85. Religion, 1988-1991

86. Reports, 1990-1991

87. Sanctions and Investments , n.d., 1986 – 1988

88. Sanctions and Investments , 1988. Includes an Address by Dr. C.F Beyers Naude

 

 

Box 19

89. Sanctions and Investments , 1990

90. Sanctions and Investments, Newsletters on the Oil Embargo Against South Africa, 1985-1988

91. Sanctions and Investments, Newsletters on the Oil Embargo Against South Africa, 1989-1990

92. Sanctions and Investments, Newsletters on the Oil Embargo Against South Africa, 1991 – 1994

 

 

Box 20

93. South African Community Cultural Centre (SACCC), 1989

94. Slovo, Joe includes an interview with the Harare ZTV broadcasting, 1987

95. S. A.– Netherlands Chamber of Commerce 1993

96. Speech by Neo Mnumzana, Chief Rep of the ANC at the United Nations, n.d.,

97. Sports, 1990

98. State Affairs (1), 1989-1990

99. State Affairs (2), 1990-1992

 

 

Box 21

100. Tambo, Oliver/Speeches, 1985-19887, 1989 – 1993. Includes condolences to Mrs. Tambo and her family on O.R.Tambo’s death, Also a statement by Nelson Mandela during the funeral.

101. Telexes. 1988-1991

102. Violence, 1992

103. Walter Sisulu, 1989

104. Winnie Mandela, 1989-1992

 

 

Box 22

105. Women, 1987-1992; 1998-1992

106. Zambia, 1989

107. ANC – NEC, 1990

108. ANC Policy

109. ANC Women’s Section, 1990 – 1992

110. Arts and Culture, 1993 – 1994

 

 

Box 22A

111. Cards (greetings), n.d.,

112. CODESA debates and papers

113. Conferences, 1992

114. Correspondence, (Incoming), 1994

115. Dutch Government, 1990, 1992

116. Economics, 1992 – 1993

117. Faxes (Outgoing), 1994

 

 

Box 22B

118. Inkatha and other Right Wing Movement

119. Lubbers and Van den Broek, 1992

120. Niehaus, Carl, 1992

121. Papers,

122. Police Violence, 1988 – 1989

123. Police Violence, 1989 – 1992

 

 

Box 22C

124. Repatriation of Exiles, 1990 – 1993

125. Rudi Boon papers, 1989 – 1990

126. South African Communist Party, 1989 – 1992. Includes a paper by Joe Slovo entitled “Has Socialism Failed?” and a response by Pallo Jordan to that paper.

127. Socialisteise Partij, n.d.

 

 

Box 22D (check with Khanyi)

 

 

Series II – Correspondence

Box 23

1. Incoming (1), n.d., 1985-1988, 1992

2. Incoming (2) 1988 – 1991

3. Incoming (3) 1993

4. Outgoing (1) 1986 – 1990

5. Outgoing (2) 1991 – 1992

 

 

Box 24

6. Outgoing (3) 1992

7. Outgoing (4) 1992

 

 

Series III – South African Embassy Newsletter

Box 24

1. SA Embassy Newsletter (1), 1992

 

 

Box 25

2. SA Embassy Newsletter (2), 1992

3. SA Embassy Newsletter (3), 1992

4. SA Embassy Newsletter (4), 1992

5. SA Embassy Newsletter (1), 1993

 

 

Box 26

6. SA Embassy Newsletter (2), 1993

7. SA Embassy Newsletter (3), 1993

8. SA Embassy Newsletter (4), 1993

9. SA Embassy Newsletter (5), 1993

10. SA Embassy Newsletter (6), 1993

 

 

Box 27

11. SA Embassy Newsletter (7), 1993

12. SA Embassy Newsletter (1), 1994

13. SA Embassy Newsletter (2), 1994

 

 

Series IV – Newspaper Clippings

Box 27

1. Newspaper Clippings (1), 1992 – 1994

 

Box 28

2. Newspaper Clippings (2), 1993 – 1994

3. Newspaper Clippings (3), 1993 – 1994

4. Newspaper Clippings (4), 1992 – 1993

 

 

Box 29

5. Newspaper Clippings (5), 1993

6. Newspaper Clippings (6), 1993

7. Newspaper Clippings (7), 1993

 

 

Series V – Publications

Box 30

Dutch Publications, 1989 – 1994

 

 

Box 31

Dutch Publications, 1989 – 1994

 

 

Box 32

Dutch Publications, 1989 – 1994

 

 

Box 33

Human Rights Commission, 1989 – 1992

 

 

Box 34

Human Rights Commission, 1989 – 1992

 

 

Box 35

PAC, 1988 – 1993

 

 

Box 36

Frontfile, 1988 – 1990

 

 

Box 37

Anti – Apartheid Movement

 

Box 38

1. Anti-Apartheid, [1988] – 1989

2. AWEPAA News Bulletin, 1991

3. Challenge: Church and People, 1991 – 1993

4. International Mobilisation, 1990

5.Intelligence Newsletter, 1989

6. Mandela’s Appeal, n.d., 1992

7. Prisma: World News, 1988 – 1989

8. Religion, 1989

9. Sanctions, 1988 – 1989

10. South Africa: ANC Interim Constitution, 1990

11. Transvaal Rural Action Committee (TRAC), 1989

 

Box 39

 

Series VI – Posters and Memorabilia

 

Additions

 

Series I – Correspondence

Box 40

1. Between Frene Ginwala and the Shipping Research Bureau on the oil embargo over South Africa, 1981 – 1986

2. Date and time of election for South Africans in the Netherlands, April 1994

3. Expressing concern about the situation in South Africa, 1992

4. From NR Mandela to FW de Klerk, 9 July 1992

5. From the Treasurer General to Chief Reps, 1993

6. In Dutch, 1988

7. Statements sent to the ANC President’s office 1984, 1988

8. With high commissioners/embassies, 1988

9. With ANC Secretary General’s office, 1974 – 1975

10. With the ANC London office, 1988

11. President’s office, OR Tambo, 1973, 1986 – 1990

 

 

Series II – Discussion Documents

Box 41

1. Assessment of the economy of South Africa, 1987

2. Department of Information and Publicity – the Situation in South Africa

3. Economy of a democratic South Africa, 1990

4. Gender and Economic Policy in a Democratic South Africa by Ginwala and others, 1991

5. Mobility and social change in South Africa, June 1975

6. On a mixed economy in South Africa, by Vella Pillay, ANC DEP discussions, 1989

7. On the oil embargo, 1982

8. Policy Guidelines for a democratic South Africa, April 1992

9. Sent to Frene Ginwala re relations between Europe and South Africa, 1990

10. South Africa’s Foreign Debt, 1989

11. South Africa’s Manufacturing Industry, 1987

12. South Africa’s Transport Industry and Transport Policy, 1987

13. The Oil Embargo 1989 – 1991: Secrecy still rules

14. What is COSATU?

 

Series III – Reports

Box 42

1. Abductions by the Apartheid regime

2. A Matla Trust Project

3. ANC Development Centre Dakawa – Revised 1984 Development Plan, Volume I, August 1990

4 ANC Development Centre Dakawa – Revised 1984 Development Plan, Volume II, August 1990

5. ANC Development Centre Dakawa – Revised 1984 Development Plan, Volume III, August 1990

6. 1990 ANC National Consultative Conference

7. Malibongwe Conference on Women’s Struggle in South Africa

8. Meeting between the ANC and the Consultative Business Movement, March 1990

9. Project for developing destitute youth

10. Stop Apartheid; Boycott Shell! Shadow Report

 

 

Series IV – Statements

Box 43

1. NEC Statement – 78th Anniversary of the ANC January 8, 1990

2. Notes on negotiations

3. On the Campaign for Peace and Democracy, issued by ANC/ SACP/ COSATU, July 1992

4. Speech – NR Mandela to the Finance Week Breakfast Club, 19 July 1991