UNIVERSITY OF FORT HARE

UNIVERSITY LIBRARY

ANC ARCHIVES

 

 

New York Mission

RECORDS, 1966-1995

(bulk dates, 1986-1993)

44 Boxes

 

 

 

ACQUISITION: ANC Archives Committee

ACCESS: The collection is open.

PHOTOGRAPHS: Located in box 5.

AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIAL: Video Collection is on archives shelves. See separate Audio/Visual Finding Aid.

PRINTED MATERIAL: Located in boxes 13 – 35

COPYRIGHT: ANC Archives

PROCESSED BY: Arrangement and description done under the auspices of a joint project between the University of Fort Hare and the University of Michigan. Primary processors, Stephanie Pryor and Kathleen Wolters. Partially rearranged and described by Sibongile Simelane and Khanyisa Bottoman, June 2003

 

History

 

Following the banning of the African National Congress (ANC) as an illegal organization in April 1960, the ANC operated underground. The ANC functioned internally as an underground organization and externally as an overseas organization. Oliver Tambo was sent overseas as the ANC acting president general and head of the external mission. External missions were opened in London, Accra, Cairo, and Dar-es-Salaam. Eventually the ANC had offices and representatives in 27 countries by 1990.

 

The external missions worked to win support for the overthrow of apartheid by promoting the cause of the ANC and urging international economic pressure against the South African government.

 

Scope and Content Note

As the headquarters of the United Nations, the ANC’s mission in New York maintains a unique function as not only the representative to the UN but also the representative to the 120 plus countries who lack a direct ANC presence. The records of the New York Mission therefore detail their role on the world stage and their campaign to raise money, materials, and, most of all, support against Apartheid.

 

The seven series in this collection, CorrespondenceDiariesNewsclippingsPhotographsPublicationsSubject Files, and United Nations’ Documents, document the New York mission’s global struggle for the liberation of South Africa.

 

The Correspondence series, which spans from 1980 until 1993, primarily records the relationship between the ANC and individuals, institutions and governments. A majority of the correspondence is letters and faxes received by the office. Posted by a diverse population, ranging from school children to NGOs and embassy representatives, these messages demonstrate the international support for the ANC’s cause. The correspondence is arranged alphabetically by folder.

 

The Diaries series includes various types of chronicles, such as appointment books, guest books, and a book of condolences. A majority of the appointment books are spartan in the amount of information the provide on the office. However, one or two of the earlier planners provides a higher level of insight than the later ones. The guest book, like the daily logs, provides a sparse list of those who visited the mission. Of a higher informational value is the book of condolences, which relates to the death of ANC leader and UN representative Johnny Makatini. These messages of sympathy are evidence of the global reputation the ANC maintained.

 

The Newsclippings series documents the South African media’s reporting on both the ANC and Apartheid. It also includes press releases of the New York mission. The clippings pertain to both events in South Africa and the United States. The series dates range from 1984 to 1993.

 

The Photographs series pertain less to the particular international focus of the New York mission and are more representative of the ANC as a whole. Included in this series are images from SOMAFCO and various cultural festivals as well as portraits from ANC leaders such as Mandela and Tambo. The series is undated.

 

The Publications series consists of pamphlets, bulletins, reports, and journals that are demonstrative of the ANC’s interests. A majority of the series consists of compiled press clippings from both major international newspapers and South African newspapers, published in a brochure. The miscellaneous boxes contain published material both from the ANC and other organizations, which cover issues related to Southern Africa, peace, and the liberation movement. The dates of the publications range from 1976 to 1995.

 

The Subject Fields series is arranged alphabetically and spans the years 1973- 1994. These files, which contain reports, some correspondence, programs, and speeches, document the mission’s aims to sensitise the international community on Apartheid and move it to action. It particularly emphasizes the mission’s drive for human resources, finances, and materials. Also highlighted in these files are the minutes from meetings and reports regarding the particular role of the New York mission for the ANC.

 

The United Nations’ Documents series consists mostly of UN publications from various committees, such as the Centre Against Apartheid and the Intergovernmental Group to Monitor the Oil Embargo on South Africa, as well as the General Assembly. Also included in this series are documents related to the permanent missions at the UN and their foreign policies, with regard to South Africa and human rights in general. This series is evidence of the strong relationship between the New York mission and the United Nations, spanning the years 1966 to 1994.

 

 

Box 1

Series I – Correspondence

1. ANC, nd., 1981, 1983, 1986, 1988 – 1993

2. Cards/Postcards, n.d., 1992

3. Council on Foreign Relations-Correspondence, 1989-1993

4. Faxes Dispatched, 1989-1993

5. Faxes Dispatched, 1991 – 1993

6. Faxes Received, n.d., 1986, 1989 – 1991

 

 

Box 2

7. Faxes Received, 1994 – 1994

8. General, n.d., 1985 – 1986, 1988 – 1989

9. General, 1990 – 1991

10. General, 1992 – 1994

 

 

Box 3

11. Mandela, N.R.-Correspondence, 1990-1993. Includes letters written to Nelson Mandela by Children and other people.

12. Mandela, W.N.-Correspondence, 1990-1992

13. New York City Mayor’s Office-Correspondence, 1989-1992

14. Secretary Generals’ Office, 1988 – 1993

15. United Nations, Observer Mission of the ANC, n.d., 1989 – 1991

16. United Nations, Observer Mission of the ANC, 1992 – 1993

 

 

Box 4 [Oversize]

Series II – Diaries

1. Appointment Book, 1983

2. Appointment Book, 1989

3.Appointment Book, 1990

4.Appointment Book, 1991

5.Book of Condolences, Makatini, Mfanafuthi, 1988-1989

6.Guest Book, 1994

 

 

Box 5 [Oversize]

Series IV – Photographs

1. Dadoo, Yusuf M. (1909-1983), n.d.

2. Davis, Delroy and ANC Posters, n.d.

Photographs, A-K, n.d.

3. ANC Cadre, J. Lubisi, and N. Manana

4. ANC Cadre, S. Mogoerane, M. Motaung, and J. Mosolodi

5. ANC Leaders

6. ANC Representative

7. Anti-Apartheid Protest

8. Anti-Apartheid Protestor

9. Ballet

10. Children

11. Children SOMAFCO, Posters

12. Deniso, Moses

13. Huddleston, Trevor, Nelson Mandela, and Oliver Tambo

14. Huddleston, Trevor and Oliver Tambo

15. Kathrada, A.

Photographs, M-W, n.d.

16. Makatini, Johnny

17. Mandela, Nelson

18. Mandela, Winnie

19. Mbeki, Govan

20. Mhlaba, R.

21. Mlangeni, Andrew

22. Mkwayi, W.

23. Mpeta, Oscar

24. Motsoaledi, Elias

25. Mugabe, Robert

26. Music

27. Naidoo, Jay

28. Negatives

29. Nzo, Alfred

30. Sharpeville Six

31. Sisulu, Walter

32. Slides

33. SOMAFCO

34. SOMAFCO model

35. Tambo, O.R., and Sam Nojuma

36. Tambo, O.R., W. Sisulu, and S. Nojuma

37. UN Press Conference

38. Women

 

Photographs, unclassified, n.d.

39. “Third Rothko Chapel Awards for Commitment to Truth and Freedom,

40. “Working Techniques of Development Diplomacy for ANC Diplomats,”

 

 

Box 6

Series III – News clippings/Press Releases

1.ANC Press Release, Includes a press release by the PAC

2.General News clippings, 1989 – 1993

3.General News clippings, 1989 – 1993

4.General News clippings, 1993

Box 6b

Daily press clippings

Box 6c

Daily press briefings

 

 

Box 7

Series V – Publications

Altitude, vol.1, 1995

Human Rights – Fact sheet no.5

Human Rights – Fact sheet no.3

The Kairos Document – challenge to the church

The African Dream

Political violence in South Africa

Palestine Aid society, vol.12 no.3

Palestine Aid society, vol.11, no.2

Educators against racism & apartheid, vol.10, no.4

Juluka, Dec 1992 / Jan 1993

Juluka, Aug / Sept 1992

Foreign Assistance to South Africa, A directory

Development and Democracy, 1 August 1992

Common Ground, vol. no.4

Consolidating Development Opportunities

Crosscurrent, 23 – 25 March 1992

Africa report, March – April 1989

ILO Information, vol.19, no.4 1991

ILO Information, vol.19, no.3 1991

ILO Information, vol.19, no.2 1991

Red cross, Red crescent, Sept – Dec, 1991

Red cross, Red crescent, Jan – Apr, 1992

“ “ “ “ , May – Aug, 1992

South Africa labour News, no. 8, 1991

Africa Report, March – April 1992

South African Black Business Development Foundation, Inc.

 

 

Box 8

A new chapter in the history of the North Atlantic Alliance

The north Atlantic treaty organisation

The African American Institute – Annual report 1992

South Africa: The National Peace Accord and the International

community.

ADC Times, 1991, 1992, 1993

Washington notes on Africa, summer 1992

Apartheid’s legacy: Southern Africa in the 90s

OSAAC: An organisation of South Africans, South African – Americans and Canadians, 1992

Advance, vol.3, no.1

Israeli foreign affairs

ACAS: Association of concerned Africa scholars, 1991

Chronology of developments in South Africa, Jan. 1994

Chronology of developments in South Africa, Dec. 1993

Five freedoms Forum

IPS: Inter press service

Organizer, July – September 1991

Organizer, Apr. – June 1992

Saspost, vol.3, no.2, 1992

International Committee of the Red Cross Bulletin, 1991

Transafrica news, 1992

 

 

Box 9

South Korea Today

Apartheid in our living rooms: U.S. Foreign Policy and South Africa

Race against race

Development & Socio-economic progress

SAGE: A scholarly journal on black women

The corporate examiner

Intereconomics, no.2, 1993

Intereconomics, no.3, 1993

Armed Forces, June 1992

The Indian Ocean Newsletter

Africa report, Sept – Oct, 1989

The African – American Institute: 1988 Annual Report

African – American Economic and political issues: conference report

SA Dialogue, 1991, 1992

A people’s movement for comprehensive, mandatory sanctions against South Africa

Namibia Review

Washington Notes on Africa

Advance

IRRC Annual report, 1985

Youth Focus, vol.1, no.1, 1989

 

 

Box 10

SADC (South African Development Community), 27 – 29 Jan. 1993

Annual report, Jul 1991 – Jan. 1992

Energy,

Culture and Information,

Administrative Arrangement,

Industry and Trade

Food, Agriculture & Natural resources

Mining

Transport and Communication

 

 

Box 11

SADCC (South African Development Coordination Conference), 29 – 31 Jan. 1992

Annual Report, July 1990 – June 1991

Food, Agriculture

Mining

Tourism

Industry

Human Resources

Energy

Transport

SADCC: Towards economic Intergration

 

 

Box 12

Foreign economic trends and their implications for the United States

South African Reserve Bank: Annual Economic Report, 1989

EIU: The Economic Intelligence Unit, 1988 – 1989

Agreement establishing the European Bank for reconstruction and development

Agreement establishing the South [ern] African Development Bank

The Rockefeller Foundation

 

 

Box 13

Series VI – Subject Files

1. Academic Boycott/Support, ca.1987

2. Africa Arts Fund, Inc., 1991 – 1992

3. Africa Fund, 1989-1993

4. African American Institute, n.d., 1985, 1988 – 1991, 1993

5.African-American Conference, 1987,1989

 

 

Box 14

6. Africare, 1991

7. All African Peoples Revolutionary Party, 1991-1992

8. American Friends Service Committee, 1991-1993

9. American-South African Scholarship Association, 1989

10. Amnesty International, 1991 – 1992

 

ANC (African National Congress)

11. Arts and Culture, n.d., 1987 – 1988, 1991

12. Conferences/Anniversaries/Workshops, 1988, 1991 – 1992

13. Economy, 1990-1992

14. Education, 1986-1988 – 1989

15. General, n.d., 1990, 1992

 

 

Box 15

16. International Affairs, 1987, 1990-1993

17. ISD (Information Systems Department), 1992

18. Memos and Circulars, 1990

19. National Consultative Conference, 1985

20. NEC (National Executive Committee), Press Statements, 1982,1985, 1987, 1989 – 1991, 1993, Includes a joint statement by the ANC NEC and SWAPO. As well as a Statement on the Dakar Declaration

21. Policy/Discussion Documents, 1990-1992

 

 

Box 16

22. Presentation to the United Nations Security Council, 1992

23. Public Relations, 1992

24. Secretary General’s Office, n.d., 1988, 1990-1992

25. Speeches, n.d., 1988,1993 Includes a speech by Bantu Holomisa on the Whites only referendum called by F.W. DeKlerk, 1993

26. Statements and Declarations, n.d., 1990, 1992 – 1993, 1995. Includes a joint statement made by the ANC, SACP and COSATU

27. Women’s Section/League, 1987-1984

 

 

Box 17.

28. Youth League, 1992-1993

29. Angola, 1993

30. Armscor, 1983

31. Arts and Culture, ca.1992

32. Arusha Conference, 1987

33. Aspen Institute, ca.1989

34. AWEPAA (Association of West European Parliamentarians for Action Against Apartheid), 1991-1992

35. Boipatong, 1992

 

 

Box 18

36. British Anti-Apartheid Movement, 1990-1993

37. Centre for Development of Human Resources, 1990-1991

38. Children Under Apartheid, ca.1986

39. CHISA (Children’s Fund for Southern Africa, Inc.), 1993

40. Clingendael-Course Documentation, n.d.

41. CODESA (Convention for a Democratic South Africa), 1990 – 1992

 

 

Box 19

42. CODESA, 1990 – 1992

43. Columbia University in the City of New York, 1989

44. Commonwealth News Release, 1991

45. Conferences, 1986, 1989, 1991

46. Conferences, 1991 – 1992

47. Constitutional Reform in South Africa: A Brief History, 1991-1992

 

 

Box 20

48. COSATU (Congress of South African Trade Unions), 1985, 1987, 1989

49. COSATU, 1989

50. Decolonisation, 1989,1992

51. Discussion Documents, 1986, 1991-1992

52. Documentation of Security Council on Violence United Nations, 1992

 

 

Box 21

53. Economic and Social Development, 1991-1992

54. Environment and Development, 1992

55. Fashions for Freedom, 1989-1990

56. Film, 1986

57. For a Free South Africa: A Tribute to Winnie and Nelson Mandela, 1986

58. Ford Foundation, 1988 – 1989

59. Foreign Affairs, 1993 – 1994

60. Foreign Affairs, 1994

 

 

Box 22

61. Foreign Affairs, 1994

62. Frontline States, 1992

63. German Foundation for International Development 1993

64. Global Vision, 1992

65. Hani, Chris, 1993

66. Human Rights Commission, 1989,1991

67. IDAF (International Defence and Aid Fund), 1989-1991

68. Immobilize Apartheid Coalitions, 1990-1992

69. Inkatha, 1973 – 1975, 1978 – 1979, 1981, 1983

 

 

Box 23

70. Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility, 1985-1989

71. International Committee of the Red Cross, 1990-1992

72. International Day for Elimination of Racial Discrimination, 1990-1992

73. International Solidarity Conference, 1993

74. Institute of International Education, 1988-1992

 

 

Box 24

75. Invitations, 1991-1993

76. IPS (Inter Press Service), 1988-1993

77. Community Relations, 1990

78. Joseph, Helen, 1992

79. General, 1991

80. Legal Matters, 1988-1992

81. Lome IV, 1990 – 2000

82. Management Futures, Inc., 1991

 

 

Box 25

83. Mandela, N.R.-Biography, 1985

84. Mandela, N.R.-Itinerary, 1989-1992, 2 folders

85. Mandela, Winnie-Speeches, 1991

86. Mbeki, Govan – Honorary Doctorate Award Proposal, 1989

87. Mbeki, Thabo-Speeches; Mbeki, Govan-Statements, 1990

88. Multilateral Planning Conference, 1993-1994

89. NADEL (National Association for Democratic Lawyers), 1991

90. NAFCOC: An Analysis of NAFCOC & Recommendations, 1990

91. Namibia, 1991-1992

 

 

Box 26

92. National Conference in Support of ANC and Other Democratic Forces in South Africa, 1992-1993

93. National Jewish Relations, 1990

94. New Foreign Policy for South Africa, 1993

95. B.E.S.T – Belize Enterprise for Sustained Technology: Best concept paper, n.d.

96. Niagara Committee for South Africa Divestment, 1992

97. Northeast Southern Africa Solidarity Network, 1989

98. Notre Dame Conference: Papers presented at the conference, 1991

 

 

Box 27

99. OAU (Organization of African Unity), 1989-1993

100. Online Information Retrival, ca.1992

101. Oslo Conference, 1986-1989

102. OSSALE (Organization of South Africans/Azanians for Liberation), 1991-1992

103. PAC (Pan Africanist Congress), 1992

104. Papers, 1988 – 1991

105. Papers, 1992 – 1993

 

 

Box 28

106. South Africa: The National Peace Accord & the International community, 1991, 1993

107. President’s Office (Mr. Mandela), 1991-1993

108. Pretoria/Groote Schuur Minute, 1990

109. Project Proposal – Stories seldom told: Lives Of South African exiles, 1991

110. Repatriation, 1990-1991

111. Reports-African Exports, n.d., 1992 – 1993

112. Reports – on the situation in South Africa, regarding Trade, Sanctions, United Nations, n.d., 1988-1989, 1992 – 1993

 

 

Box 29

113. Reports-Interfaith Centre / EPISCOPAL Church people for a free Southern Africa, 1985, 1989-1992

114. Reports-Concert for Southern Africa / Technical & vocational education and training sector, 1992

115. Reports-Soweto student uprising / Apartheid, n.d., 1986, 1992, 1993

116. Reports-USA Policy towards South Africa, 1987

117. Resolutions and Reports, n.d., 1991-1992

 

 

Box 30

118. Rockefeller Foundation, n.d., 1993

119. SADCC (Southern African Development Coordination Conference), 1992 – 1993

120. SAISCO (South African International Student Congress), 1989

121. Sanctions, n.d, 1986, 1991 – 1992, 1994

122. Scholarships, 1991

123. Shell U.S, South Africa Strategy, 1986

124. Shell, n.d.

 

 

Box 31

125. Simpson-Thatcher and Bartlett, n.d.

126. Sinn Fein, 1992

127. Sisters Against South African Apartheid, 1991

128. Sisulu, Walter and Albertina, 1987 – 1991

129. Sisulu, Walter: Speeches, 1990

130. SOMAFCO, 1981 – 1983, 1985

131. South African Development Banks, 1990-1991

132. South African Development: Committee, 1991

 

 

Box 32

133. Southern Africa Partnership Program, 1991

134. Southern Africa Policy Forum of the Aspen Institute, 1989

135. Special Committee Against Apartheid, 1990

136. Speaking Engagements, 1991-1992

137. Spear evolution report / Education fund, 1988, 1989

138. Speeches / Statements, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1992-1994

139. Statements made at the conference on Environment and Development at the United Nations, New York, 1992

140. Symposium on Political Tolerance in South Africa: Role of Opinion makers and the media, 1993

141. Tambo, O.R.: Biography, n.d; 1993

 

 

Box 33

142. Tambo, O.R.: Condolences, 1993

143. Tambo, O.R.: Correspondence, 1986, 1993

144. Tambo, O.R.: Memorial Service Program, 1993

145. Tambo, O.R.: Speech made by Mr. Nelson Mandela at the funeral of Oliver Tambo, 1993

146. Telecommunications – CDTIP, n.d., 1992

147. Trade Unions, 1990-1992

148. Transitional Executive Council Draft Bill, 1993

149. Transnational Corporations, 1990

 

 

Box 34

150. UDUSA (Union of Democratic University Staff Associations): meetings, 1989

151. United Democratic Front, n.d.,1987 -1988

152. Venda Report: Repression, 1990

153. Violence, 1990-1993

154. Yale Law and Policy Review, “Battery City Park: A Model for Financing Low-income Housing,” 1989

155. Yale University, 1993

156. Ypsilanti, Michigan, USA; Proclamation: “A Day in Solidarity the Soweto, 1983”

157. Washington Office on Africa, 1989-1993

158. Working document: A bill of rights for a new South Africa, 1991

159. Zambia, 1986; 1989-1991

 

 

Box 35

160. Apostolic Nunciature, 1992

161. Budget Proposal, n.d.

162. Conference on Africa in America, 1988-1990

163. Draft: Infringements of Trade Union rights in South Africa, n.d.

164. O.A.U (Organisation of African Unity): Statements, 1993

165. Organisation of South African Americans and Canadians, 1991

166. UNDP Assistance programme, 1991 – 1993

167. Papers presented to the United Nations General Assembly, n.d., 1991

168. Special Committee against Apartheid, 1994

 

 

Box 36

Series VII – United Nations

Inter-governmental Group to Monitor the Supply and Shipping of Oil and Petroleum Products to South Africa

1.1985-1993

2.1990-1993

3.1992

 

 

Box 37

4. 1988, 1992

5. 1992

6. 1992

 

 

Box 38

7. 1991

8. 1991

9 1990

 

 

Box 39

10. 1989

11. 1985, 1988 – 1990

 

 

Box 40

Permanent Missions

12. Algeria, 1988

13. Angola, 1992-1993

14. Argentina, 1993

15. Australia, 1992-1993

16. Austria, 1993

17. Barbados, 1993

18. Belize, 1993

19. Botswana, 1988-1993

20. Brazil, 1992

21. Bulgaria, 1986; 1992

22. Burkina Faso, 1990

23. Cambodia, 1990

24. Cameroon, 1991

25. Canada, 1993

26. China, 1992-1993

27. Columbia, 1993

28. Cuba, 1989-1992

29. Czechoslovakia, 1986

30. El Salvador, 1988-1989

31. Ethiopia, 1992

 

 

Box 41

32. Finland, 1993

33. German Democratic Republic, 1986

34. Guatemala, 1989-1991

35. Guyana, 1991-1993

36. Haiti, 1990

37. India, 1988-1993

38. Indonesia, 1992-1993

39. Iran, 1992

40. Israel, 1989-1990

41. Jamaica, 1990; 1992

42. Japan, 1986; 1991-1994

43. Kuwait, 1992-1993

44. Laos, 1993

45. Lesotho, 1990

46. Libya, 1980; 1990

47. Madagascar, 1993

48. Malaysia, 1991; 1993

 

 

Box 42

49. Mauritania, 1990

50. Mozambique, 1991-1992

51. Namibia, 1989 – 1991 (1)

52. Namibia, 1992 (2)

53. Nepal, 1992

54. Netherlands, 1988

55. New Zealand, 1991-1992

56. Niger,1993

57. Nigeria, 1988-1993

58. Norway, 1986-1993

 

 

Box 43

59. Pakistan, 1986; 1992

60. Palestine, n.d.

61. PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organization), 1987-1989

62. Panama, 1990

63. Papua New Guinea, 1991-1993

64. Philippines, 1986; 1993

65. Poland, 1993

66. Russia, 1986;1992

67. Saudi Arabia, 1992

68. South Africa (1), 1989-1993

69. South Africa (2), 1991 – 1993

70. South Africa: Press Releases/News highlights from the South African media, 1991-1993

 

 

Box 44

71. South Korea, 1989-1990

72. Suriname, 1990

73. Swaziland, 1990; 1992

74. Sweden, 1986

75. Syrian Arab Republic, 1990-1991

76. Taiwan, 1985; 1990

77. Tanzania, 1992-1993

78. Thailand, 1991

79. Trinidad and Tobago, 1986

80. Uganda, 1992-1993

81. Ukraine, 1988-1993

82. United Arab Emirates, 1992

83. United States of America, 1991-1993

84. Uruguay, 1993

85. Venezuela, 1990-1991

86. Vanuatu, Republic of, 1990

87. Vietnam, 1989;1991

88. Yugoslavia, 1986; 1990

89. Zaire, 1992

90. Zimbabwe, 1983-1993